The Adventures of Aeneas



From Troy to Italy

  • Aeneas was the son of Venus and Archises
  • Fought for the Trojans
  • Bested only by Hector
  • Escaped from Troy with his mother’s help after the Greeks captured it
  • Many Trojan troops escaped with him in search of new home
  • Aeneas had a dream telling him his destiny was for he and his men to settle in Italy (Hesperia)
  • They left from the island of Crete
  • First faced and defeated the Harpies
  • Then they met Andromache, Hector’s wife, and her husband, Helenus, the Trojan prophet
  • Helenus told Aeneas to land on the west coast of Italy to avoid the Greeks and the beasts known as Scylla and Charybdis
  • They left and sailed southwest towards Sicily and ran into many Cyclopes, including Polyphemus
  • Were able to escape thanks to the help of one of Odysseus’ men that was stranded in Sicily
  • Struck by horrific storm summoned by Juno to stop Aeneas from settling Rome
  • Neptune helped Aeneas because Juno upset him by going behind his back and creating such a storm
  • Aeneas landed in Carthage, a city founded by a woman named Dido
  • Venus sent Cupid to make Dido fall in love with Aeneas to help him in whatever way he needed
  • Jupiter was displeased with Aeneas’ time spent in Carthage so Mercury was sent to tell him to continue on with his journey
  • Dido killed herself in response to Aeneas’ departure

The Descent into the Lower World

  • Aeneas found the cave of Sibyl of Cumae after Helenus told him to do so
  • Sibyl of Cumae was a woman of deep wisdom that could foresee the future
  • She said she would guide him through the underworld and take him to his father for advice
  • First he had to find a golden bough so he could enter Hades
  • Charon the ferryman let them enter the underworld after Aeneas presented the golden bough
  • Passed the Fields of Mourning where Aeneas saw Dido who did not look or answer him
  • Sibyl and Aeneas arrived at Elysian Fields where they found his father, Archises
  • Archises led Aeneas to Lethe, the river of forgetfulness, where he showed Aeneas the future Romans and told him how to establish his home in Italy
  • Sibyl and Aeneas returned to earth and the Trojans set sail for the coast of Italy

The War in Italy

  • The Latins and Rutulians were the most powerful people in Hesperia
  • Aeneas was set to marry Lavinia, the daughter of the Latium King, but Juno stepped in to stop the marriage
  • Juno summoned Alecto, one of the Furies from Hades to cause chaos for Aeneas
  • Alecto caused Lavinia’s mother to oppose the marriage
  • Then Alecto told the King of the Rutulians that Lavinia was soon to be married, knowing this would upset him because he planned to marry her
  • Alecto’s third plan was tricking Aeneas’ son, Ascanius, into killing a stag that was highly regarded by all the Latin people
  • The Latins and Rutulians joined forces to fight Aeneas and the other Trojans
  • The Trojan camp was being heavily attacked while Aeneas was away gaining forces
  • If it had not been for Nisus and Euryalus, the Trojans would have died and Aeneas would never have gained power
  • Nisus and Euryalus left during the night and silently killed more than half of the Latin and Rutulian warriors
  • Nisus and Euryalus were able to fend off the invading soldiers long enough for Aeneas and his men to return, but not before the two men died
  • The reinforcements proved to be too much for the Latins and Rutulians and Aeneas defeated Turnus, the King of Rutulium, to become ruler
  • Aeneas married Lavinia and founded the Roman race